Alda, F., et al. 2016. Colonization and demographic expansion of freshwater fauna across the Hawaiian archipelago. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 29 (10): 2054–2069.
Fitzsimons, J.M. and R.T. Nishimoto. 1995. Use of fish behaviour in assessing the effects of Hurricane Iniki on the Hawaiian island of Kaua‘i. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 43: 39–50.
Keith, P. 2003. Biology and ecology of amphidromous Gobiidae of the Indo-Pacific and the Caribbean regions. Journal of Fish Biology, 63: 831–847.
Maciolek, J.A. 1984. Exotic fishes in Hawaii and other islands of Oceania. Pages 131-161 in W.R. Courtenay, Jr., and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. (eds). Distribution, biology, and management of exotic fishes. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD.
Watson, R.E. 1992. A review of the gobiid fish genus Awaous from insular streams of the Pacific Plate. Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 3 (2): 161–176.
Yamamoto, M.N. and A.W. Tagawa. 2000. Hawai’i’s native and exotic freshwater animals. Mutual Publishing, Honolulu, Hawaii. 200 pages.