Eviota pictifascies, a new marine dwarfgoby. Image credit: Mark V. Erdmann

A new species of dwarfgoby, Eviota pictifacies, is described from Sumbawa in Indonesia. The new species is distinguished by having the cephalic sensory-canal pore system complete (pattern 1), with the PITO pore very small; the dorsal/anal fin-ray formula 9/8; some pectoral-fin rays branched; a 5th pelvic-fin ray present; a distinct dark occipital spot, no series of small dark spots along the dorsal-fin base, two separate orange spots behind the eye, distinctive black marks on the underside of the head, the side of the head with large round red spots, and the scleral surface of the eye with bold dark-brown-and-white markings. The new species is compared in detail to other Eviota species that share the cephalic sensory-canal pore system pattern and dorsal/anal fin-ray formula and also have an occipital spot, i.e. E. fallax, E. karaspila, E. melasma, and E. smaragdus.