Click cover to order this back issue for your AMAZONAS collection.
Click cover to order this back issue for your AMAZONAS collection.


5 Letter from the Editor by Courtney Tobler
6 Aquatic Notebook

• The Life of Fishguy Phil C. Benes, 1955–2020 by Stephan M. Tanner and Rusty Wessel
• Dragon snakeheads—a new family arises
by Ralf Britz

14 Fascinating spiny eels— Under-rated aquarium fishes
by Ralf Britz
20 Burmese spiny eel species-groups
by Ralf Britz
26 African and Middle Eastern spiny eels
by Ralf Britz
Two worthwhile spiny eels from the rift lakes: Mastacembelus shiranus & M. ellipsifer by Andreas Spreinat
40 Reportage — The star sapphire cichlid from Lake Malawi
by Wolfgang Staeck
44 Reportage — The Maroa expedition
by Frans Vermeulen
52 Husbandry and Breeding — The variably colored Apistogramma ortegai
by Ernst Sosna
58 Husbandry and Breeding — Spot on—a closer look at the dwarf spotted danio
by Ute Dederer
64 Aquatic Plants — Floating plants for summer tubs
by Ute Dederer
70 Husbandry and Breeding — “Rhadinoloricaria” bahuaja
by Eric Bodrock
76 Century Species Austrolebias nigripinnis—the blackfin pearlfish
by Friedrich Bitter
80 Notes From The Field: Clown loaches—finding their hidden habitats
by Hans-Georg Evers

88 Aquarium Calendar — Upcoming events
by Janine Banks
90 Retail Sources
92 Species Snapshots
97 Advertiser Index
98 Underwater Eye

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